Tuesday, January 12, 2016

Nebulizers, how long has it been since you've updated your patient education materials regarding nebulizers?

Since the technology world around us is growing at rapid speeds, it is important to maintain a sense of up to date on our patient educational materials. HERE IS A EDUCATIONAL TOOL WE PREPARED TO HELP YOU OUT WITH THE AREA OF NEBULIZERS AND THE CURRENT MODELS, TYPES, AND PATIENT "LOOK OUT FOR THESE ISSUES". Since your physician has prescribed for you to have a nebulizer device, it is a piece of equipment that you should understand and know of its components in order for you to safely use it and obtain its maximum benefit. As a requirement of our accrediting body, we must do a follow-up phone call to ensure you have the equipment and that you are able to use it and gain its effective treatments as prescribed. Therefore, within three days of the delivery of the unit, we will call you and ask to speak to you about the nebulizer. Please expect our call, or if you wish to contact us sooner, you can call us directly to this number 323-264-5060 and tell us you’d like to talk to us about your nebulizer. The pharmacist will be sure then to ask you the questions we need answered in order to continue to provide a safe piece of medical equipment to patients of our future. Now, let’s do some educating material below. What it is, how it works, why the doctor ordered it are just a few of the questions that get answered in the below article: What is a Nebulizer? A nebulizer is a breathing machine used to treat lung conditions such as asthma, cystic fibrosis, and other respiratory illnesses. They administer medication in the form of a mist that's inhaled into the lungs and are often used in situations in which using an inhaler is difficult or ineffective. Nebulizers are also used to limit the side effects of medications like steroids by delivering the medicine directly to the respiratory system. There are two types of nebulizers: atomizer jet and ultrasonic. The atomizer, or "compressor nebulizer," is the most common. This type uses an aerosol compressor to vaporize droplets of medicine. Ultrasonic, or "mesh nebulizers," use high-frequency sound waves to make liquid medicine breathable. While ultrasonic models produce results comparable to jet nebulizers, they offer faster delivery of medication and operate more quietly. With both types of nebulizer, the patient inhales vapor through a mouthpiece or face mask. There are a variety of nebulizers on the market, ranging in price from $50 to around $200. Both the jet and ultrasonic nebulizer systems come in tabletop or portable models and a variety of accessories and supplies are available for each. Tabletop nebulizers are intended for home use, as they need to be plugged into an electrical outlet. Portable units are battery-powered and small enough to fit into a bag or purse for travel; however, they tend to be more expensive and require disposable or rechargeable batteries or a car power adapter to run. Consult your healthcare provider to find the appropriate unit for your needs. How do I Use a Nebulizer? Successful nebulizer treatment depends on proper use and care of your nebulizer unit. Here are some instructions on using your nebulizer: • Allow enough time in your schedule for each treatment. Depending on your nebulizer, you may be spending between 5 and 15 minutes receiving treatment. • Make sure your unit, supplies, medications, and accessories are clean and ready to use. • Get comfortable—you'll be spending your treatment time in one place, so make sure you have what you need. Feel free to watch TV, listen to music, read, or just relax during the process. It's recommended that you sit up straight to ensure proper delivery of medicine. • Place the mouthpiece between your teeth and seal your mouth around it, or, if you're using a mask, put it on so that it's secure on the face with no gaps. • Switch on the power and take slow, deep breaths from the mouthpiece or mask. Hold each breath for two to three seconds before exhaling. • Treatment should continue until the medicine has been used. Sometimes, patients feel dizzy or strange during treatment. If this happens, remove the mask or mouthpiece, turn off the machine, and rest for 5 minutes before beginning again, then breathe slowly. • When the treatment is finished, switch off the power, breathe deeply several times, and cough to clear secretions. Spit them into a tissue or basin. • Wash hands thoroughly. • Finally, check your nebulizer supplies and accessories to make sure you'll be ready for the next treatment. If you experience continuing symptoms like dizziness or agitation, seek medical attention. Contact your healthcare provider to learn more about nebulizers. How Do I Set Up a Nebulizer? Follow these instructions for using standard nebulizers such as Mini Comp, CompMist, PARI, Omron, PulmoMate, Invacare, and DeVilbiss models: • Identify the components and accessories of the nebulizer unit. You should have an air compressor, medication cup, mask or mouthpiece, tubing, and measuring device (medication ampule, syringe, etc.). • Place your nebulizer (air compressor unit) on a table or stable surface. • Plug in the electrical cord. • Make sure all accessories and components have been cleaned and dried according to instructions. • Wash hands thoroughly. • Measure medication with the suggested measuring instrument, according to instructions. • Open the top of the nebulizer cup and dispense the medicine in front of the cup. Close the cup. • Attach the cup to the mouthpiece or face mask and connect the tubing to the compressor and the cup. • Switch the compressor on and get ready for treatment. Every nebulizer comes with specific instructions. Refer to these instructions before using for the first time. Proper Use of Your Nebulizer To get the best results from treatment, it's crucial to get information on proper nebulizer use and care before you begin. Keeping your nebulizer in working order will help to ensure successful treatment and minimize symptoms. Here are some mistakes commonly made in nebulizer use: • Using a type of nebulizer or medication that is not recommended by your healthcare provider. • Using a nebulizer only upon the emergence of symptoms. • Not knowing the proper assembly and operating instructions for a nebulizer. • Not changing the filters, nebulizer cups, and tubing on a regular basis. • Measuring medication improperly. • For small children, attempting to use a nebulizer that isn't child-friendly. Knowing common mistakes will help prevent misuse and minimized treatment. Contact your healthcare provider or contact the experts at Just Nebulizers for more information about the proper use and care of your nebulizer. Know Your Nebulizer Parts There are lots of models of nebulizer out there, and each one is a little different from the others. This general guide to nebulizer parts will give you a basic idea of what makes a nebulizer system function. • Nebulizer compressor: The compressor is the base of the system. It pumps air into the medication cup to create a breathable mist. • Nebulizer cup: This is the reservoir where measured liquid medication goes. • Mouthpiece/mask: This is the opening through which the mist is inhaled. Most nebulizer sets come with mouthpieces, but masks are available for those who find them more comfortable or who have trouble wrapping their lips around the mouthpiece. • Tubing: The tubing delivers air from the compressor to the medication cup. • Tubing connectors: These connect the tubing to the compressor and nebulizer cup. All manufacturers provide specific information about the nebulizers they make, so check your user's manual to learn more about your model. Also, check with your manufacturer for warranty and replacement information. Guide to Nebulizer Accessories If you're new to using a nebulizer, here is a quick guide to nebulizer accessories: • Nebulizer mask: A nebulizer mask fits over the mouth and nose to deliver medication directly to the airways. Nebulizer treatments require a mask or mouthpiece. Masks come in different sizes, and most can be purchased for about $5. • Nebulizer filters: These should be changed regularly in order to ensure the air you're breathing in is clean and that normal air contaminates do not get into your nebulizers. Make sure to purchase a filter that's compatible with your nebulizer. Using your nebulizer without the proper, clean air filter will cause normal air particles and contaminates to ruin your compressor. Many are available in multi-packs that cost between $5 and $10. • Rechargeable nebulizer battery pack: If you have a portable nebulizer, a battery pack will ensure that your nebulizer is ready for use at all times. • Replacement power adapter: Tabletop nebulizers need to be plugged in order to function. • Carrying case: A carrying case helps protect your investment and makes traveling with a nebulizer more convenient. Many have pockets to hold smaller parts like masks and mouthpieces. Medications Used with Nebulizers There are different types of prescription asthma medications that can be used with an aerosol compressor (or nebulizer). These include: • Quick-relief medications that are used to reduce airway inflammation, bronchial swelling, and overproduction of mucus. • Long-term control medications that help manage symptoms on a daily basis. Quick-relief medications such as albuterol will help relieve sudden asthma symptoms. They typically begin working 5 to 15 minutes after treatment and can usually be administered every 3 to 4 hours, depending on your healthcare provider's instructions. Preventative medicines like steroids and mast-cell inhibitors help manage symptoms to keep flare-ups at bay. A bronchodilator can be used to improve airflow. Steroids (corticosteroids) are taken once or twice daily and work to control inflammation, and mast-cell inhibitors decrease inflammation. Some medications are only compatible with certain types of nebulizers. Your healthcare provider will tell you which type will work with your medication. Nebulizers and Caregivers If your child or loved one requires breathing treatments and requires the help of a caregiver, it's important that any caregivers, school nurses, home health aids, or teachers who might administer treatment understand how to properly use a nebulizer. Also, there are steps you can take to make the process a little less nerve-racking. • Try to arrange to demonstrate a complete nebulizer treatment for anyone who might administer treatment. • Type up specific instructions for after-treatment nebulizer cleaning and leave several copies with caregivers. If you're worried that the nebulizer might not be cleaned properly, purchase disposable nebulizers. Also, include instructions for proper medication measurement. • If your nebulizer system didn't come with one, purchase a carrying case to make storage easy and to ensure that all parts remain in one place. • Consider purchasing a small, portable nebulizer for away-from-home treatments. The Omron Micro-Air Electronic Nebulizer System, for example, is cordless and tubeless, and fewer parts and pieces could reduce the chances of misuse or loss. • Caregivers who are new to nebulizers might not be able to recognize when parts or accessories need to be replaced. Keep a chart to help you remember when it's time to reorder and replace. Choosing a Nebulizer: Tabletop or Portable? If you're wondering which type of nebulizer you should buy to treat your asthma or respiratory condition, start by talking to your healthcare provider. If you're able to choose between portable and tabletop models, consider your needs and the advantages of both. Buy a tabletop nebulizer compressor for home if: • You're able to be at home for all of your treatments. • You prefer a more affordable nebulizer system. • You would rather not worry about recharging batteries. Buy a portable nebulizer if: • You have a busy lifestyle and may not always be able to make it home for nebulizer treatments. • You like to travel. • You'd prefer a smaller model that's easy to carry with you. Some people prefer to purchase both types of nebulizers for convenience. If you're unsure of which type to purchase, it might be best to go with portable models, as they offer greater versatility. For further advice, feel free to contact us. Back to Top Buying a Nebulizer, Parts, and Accessories If you're purchasing a nebulizer for the first time, the multitude of models, brands, accessories, and suppliers makes it difficult to know where to begin. Consider the following nebulizer buying guide to keep from feeling overwhelmed: • Your healthcare provider may be specific about the type of nebulizer you need. If not, ask him or her about the type of machine that is best for your health. Certain medications work best with specific types of nebulizers, and some medications have limitations for which nebulizers they can be used with. • Find out what types of nebulizer accessories you need. Is the nebulizer for a child who needs a special mask or mouthpiece? Or do you need an adult nebulizer mask? Find a retailer that carries a full line of these products. • Consider your lifestyle. If you travel, work, or attend school, portable nebulizers may work best for you since they're battery-operated and easy to carry. You may find that a combination of a home tabletop nebulizer and a portable unit suits your lifestyle. Buy from a retailer that offers both. • Just Nebulizers carries a full line of nebulizers and accessories, offers secure checkout, and has helpful customer service that can assist you with product warranties and the equipment itself. How Do I Shop For a Nebulizer? Once your healthcare provider has recommended a nebulizer for your medication administration, you have the opportunity to choose the one best suited to your needs. Though these needs are dictated by medical treatment, you may still have choices when it comes to brand, size, and other options. There are many suppliers of compressor nebulizers, breathing machines, and aerosol compressors, so it can be hard to choose where to shop. Follow these simple shopping tips: • Look for a reputable dealer that carries a variety of brands, models, and accessories. • If you're shopping for a children's nebulizer, look for a full selection to find one that appeals to your child. If you would prefer a versatile model, try a PARI nebulizer, which can be used with optional, kid-friendly accessories. • Consider purchasing a convenient travel nebulizer for use when you're away from home in addition to a home tabletop unit. • Compressor nebulizers are less expensive than other models, but they're also noisier than other units. Consider your comfort when making a selection. • Decide whether you would rather have a disposable mouthpiece kit or one that will last longer. Disposable mouthpiece kits are non-valved, meaning they do not have a reservoir for medicine. Non-valved kits do not deliver medicine as effectively as longer-lasting units. • Make sure the nebulizer you choose comes with a manufacturer's warranty, operating instructions, and all advertised components. • Look for professional advertising, a full-service web page, customer satisfaction reviews, and a knowledgeable customer service team that can assist you. Disposable Nebulizer Sets For safety and convenience, disposable nebulizer sets are available. While reusable models can be used for longer (up to 6 months), disposable sets can make performing breathing treatments easier in some situations. • Disposable nebulizer sets are commonly used by hospitals and emergency rooms due to patient volume. They're also often used in doctor's offices; in fact, many doctors send their patients home with the sets used in-office. If your doctor provides you with a nebulizer set, make sure to ask if it's disposable. • Many models, such as the Sidestream High-Efficiency Nebulizer Set and the MICRO MIST Nebulizer Set, come with tubing, so all you need is a compressor to hook the nebulizer set into. • Disposable nebulizer sets are great for travel. If you're not sure whether or not you'll have access to a good place to clean your nebulizer set after treatment while you're away, you can bring along some disposables to use with a portable compressor and throw them away after use. Priced at around $7 each, this is an affordable travel solution that will help ensure your safety. • They're great for your child's overnight trips. Keep the reusable nebulizer set at home and send him or her to Grandma's house with a portable compressor and disposable nebulizer sets. This way, they can spend less time worrying about cleaning and more time having fun together. Also, you'll feel assured that your child is receiving hygienic treatment. Most disposable nebulizer sets can be used for up to two weeks. This may vary, so read the manufacturer's instructions before use. How to Choose a Nebulizer A nebulizer is an investment in your health and wellness, and choosing a unit that fits your lifestyle and medical needs requires a lot of thought. When making your decision, keep these tips in mind: • Talk to your healthcare professional about your symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment plan. If a nebulizer is the right treatment for you, find out what types of medicines will be prescribed and how often you will be using the nebulizer. • Know where and when you will use the nebulizer. Depending on your lifestyle, you may need to purchase a unit for home use and a portable model for work, school, or • • travel. Battery-powered units like the PARI Trek S or Omron Micro Air are great for those who are on-the-go. • Time constraints can play a role in your nebulizer selection. An ultrasonic unit will take less time per treatment than a compressor nebulizer (5 minutes rather than the average 15), and it will deliver 100% of the liquid medication you dispense, maximizing treatment and freeing your time for other activities. (Note: not all medications are approved for use with ultrasonic nebulizers. Check with your healthcare provider for compatibility information). • If your child requires nebulizer treatment, shop for child-friendly models. A nebulizer can be intimidating for small children, but purchasing a model with cartoon characters or a fun theme will help make breathing treatments enjoyable and relaxing. One of the most efficient units on the market, the PARI Vios, is available in a version made just for children. Both units function the same way, but the color and accessories of the PARI nebulizer for children will help your child feel more comfortable during treatment. Replacing Your Nebulizer If you use a nebulizer to manage your asthma or another medical condition, you might be wondering when you'll need to replace your compressor or other components. Nebulizers last longer when properly cared for, and proper care involves checking the air filter frequently and changing it when necessary. Because a dirty air filter makes the compressor work harder, keeping it clean will extend the life of your machine. Keeping your breathing machine clean is also important to ensure proper treatment and hygiene. Dust and particle build-up on your nebulizer and accessories can cause your machine to fail. Most systems should be replaced at least every 5 years. Making sure your nebulizer components are cleaned according to instructions will promote effective treatment and prevent the spread of germs. While changing your air filter and cleaning your system properly are extremely important, plastic components do break down over time, and your nebulizer may eventually fail. When it comes time to replace your nebulizer system, choose one that will work with your specific medication (for example, the medication Pulmicort should not be used with ultrasonic nebulizers). Check with your healthcare provider or call us if you have questions about this. If you haven't shopped for nebulizers lately, you might be surprised at the large selection of nebulizers, components, and supplies currently on the market. Choose from tabletop, portable, jet, mesh, and ultrasonic models. These units will help you save time and will make your treatment more effective. Back to Top Nebulizers, Accessories, and Price If your doctor has prescribed a nebulizer system for you and you're concerned about the expense, there are some ways to cut down on costs and some things that are worth a little extra investment. Before purchasing, consult this quick guide to help you make the most of your money: • It's important to buy high-quality nebulizers and accessories. This is an investment in your health, and a machine of lower quality might not be as effective. • Most nebulizer systems come with the compressor, nebulizer set (which includes the tubing and mouthpiece), and medication cup. Some also come with masks and/or air filters. These items will eventually need replacement, but purchasing a system that's complete will save you from having to spend additional money right away. • Nebulizers and accessories tend to be less expensive online than in stores. When purchasing online, try to order all the accessories you need at once. This way, you'll always have supplies on hand when you need them, and you'll also save money on shipping by having everything sent to you at one time. • Replacing accessories and filters on time will help make your nebulizer system last longer, which saves you money in the long run. Nebulizer filters are not washable, so make sure to stock up on replacements. If you use disposable nebulizer sets, these also need to be replaced periodically (most models will last for up to two weeks–always check the manufacturer's instructions to make sure). Reusable nebulizer sets can be replaced less frequently. • Look for special prices and shipping promotions. Just Nebulizers periodically offers reduced prices on popular nebulizers and accessories and sometimes offers free shipping. Shopping Smart for Nebulizer Accessories If you want to shop smart for nebulizer accessories, follow these tips: • Replace any accessories that are worn, bent, discolored, or cracked. • Keep extra accessories and parts on-hand, just in case. • Many nebulizer parts and accessories are compatible and interchangeable, but you may want to stick to the original brand for continuity. • If you like mixing brands, look for sales on the specific items you need. • Know what you're buying. For example, nebulizer masks come in a variety of sizes. You'll need to find out what size you need to replace before placing an order. Also, know what types of filters, medication cups, and parts you need for your specific nebulizer. • Keep records that list your nebulizer manufacturer and your system's model number. You • • may need this information when shopping for replacement parts. • Only change the basic operating system after talking to your doctor. Some medications require a specific type of nebulizer in order to be effective. • Take advantage of your supplier's customer service department. They can answer product-related questions for you and update you on relevant discounts and sales. • Look for reliable retailers like Just Nebulizers that carry a full line of products to meet your needs. Tips for Fast and Easy Nebulizer Treatments Nebulizer treatments can become a daily chore, but with a few easy changes, you can speed up your treatment time and be on your way faster. Here are a few things you can do to decrease your treatment time: • Check to make sure your filter is clean. A dirty filter will put unneeded strain on your compressor and can slow down your treatment. • Be sure you nebulizer set is new. Disposable sets, which come with most compressors, are only meant to last up to 10 treatments. Reusable nebulizer sets can last up to 6 months. Be sure you keep your nebulizer set fresh and new. • Get a breath enhanced reusable nebulizer set like the PARI LC Plus. It works by speeding up the treatment when you inhale, providing a better treatment, lower medication waste, and a faster treatment. Not only will your treatment be faster, but clean-up is a breeze because the PARI LC nebulizer sets are dishwasher safe. • Consider getting a portable nebulizer so you can take your treatments in the car or on-the-go. Our most popular nebulizer is the Omron MicroAir which has an average treatment time of 10 minutes. It runs off AA batteries and is completely silent so you can take a treatment anywhere – even in a movie theater, and no one will know. Nebulizer Types There are three main types of nebulizer systems. The first and most popular is the compressor nebulizer. It is also known as a jet nebulizer and works by forcing compressed air into the medication cup to aerosolize the medication. This is the type of nebulizer most medical facilities use. A very popular type of compressor nebulizer is the PARI Vios. The second type of nebulizer system is an ultrasonic nebulizer system. It works by vibrating the medication into an aerosol. It operates easily and silently, although it does have a few medication restrictions because it adds heat to the medications. Check with your healthcare provider before purchasing this type of nebulizer. A subcategory of ultrasonic nebulizers is an electronic nebulizer. It works by vibrating a mesh or membrane to create an aerosol. Unlike an ultrasonic, it does not add heat to the solution so it does not have the same medication restrictions. Electronic nebulizers tend to be slightly more expensive than the other types. The most popular type of electronic nebulizer is the Omron MicroAir. One other nebulizer, often categorized separately, is the portable or travel nebulizer. These can be compressor or ultrasonic nebulizer systems and generally are characterized by their ability to operate away from a traditional wall outlet – either by battery or car adapter. These are popular for people who are on the go and can even replace a standard tabletop unit. Top 10 Nebulizer Terms Here is a list of 10 common terms you will want to be familiar with when purchasing a nebulizer. 1 Accessories – accessories are any item that is not standard on the nebulizer system. These can include masks, mouthpiece attachments, pacifiers, additional power sources, additional nebulizers, etc. 2 Aerosol – medication vaper you can inhale. 3 Compressor – this is the machine that pumps air into the nebulizer. It is often referred to as the nebulizer, but it is only responsible for compressing the air. 4 Electronic nebulizer – these use a vibrating mesh or membrane to create an aerosol. 5 Jet nebulizer – another name for a compressor nebulizer system. 6 Medicine cup – the medicine cup is where the medication is poured prior to treatment. It houses liquid medicine before it can be aerosolized. 7 Nebulizer – the handset that actually produces the aerosol. This is the part that actually does the work. It is connected to the compressor and the medication is aerosolized in it. 8 Nebulizer tubing – most compressor nebulizers use tubing to connect the nebulizer to the compressor. The standard length for nebulizer tubing is 7 feet. 9 Particle size – the size of the aerosol particles. The ideal range if 5-10 microns. Anything larger or smaller will not help in most treatments. 10 Ultrasonic nebulizer – rather than using compressed air, this kind of nebulizer uses ultrasonic waves to aerosolize the medication. Usually smaller and more quiet than compressor nebulizers. Best Nebulizer Handheld Set Like many other things, nebulizer technology is getting better and more compact. It makes it much easier for you to breathe easily when you can keep handheld sets close by at all times so you can quickly connect them to your portable compressor. Among the handheld nebulizer set options, three models standout. The PARI LC Sprint is one of the most popular nebulizer sets on the market. It is inexpensive yet reusable. It offers one of the shortest treatment times on the market because of the breath enhanced technology which causes the medication delivery to speed up when the user inhales and slow down when they exhale. It also reduces the medication waste. The set is very low maintenance and can even be washed in the dishwasher. Like any reusable nebulizer, it should be replaced every six months. The Sidestream Plus Breath-Enhanced Nebulizer is also an inexpensive reusable nebulizer set. This unit has a five-jet venture design, again speeding up the treatment time. The Sidestream Plus is good for those who have low breath flow because it requires less pressure to open the valve than many other breath enhanced nebulizers. One of the lowest cost options you can get is the MicroMist nebulizer set. This disposable, handheld set comes with mouthpiece, T and tubing. It can also be purchased with a 6” corrugated tube and is compatible with any standard compressor you choose. While the MicroMist has the lowest upfront cost, it must be replaced much more frequently and is often a more costly option for those who use nebulizers often. It also is not dishwasher safe and must be soaked in vinegar and water to disinfect, making it less convenient than other models, which can be placed in the dishwasher.

Tuesday, June 23, 2015

Best Practices for Completing M1850 Transferring

OASIS C1 - Best Practices for Completing M1850 Transferring



Here is our tip of the week to help you with documentation and billing of the M1850 in Oasis C1, read the paragraphs below for an understanding of how this should work for your facility/entity:
(M1850) Transferring: Current ability to move safely from bed to chair, or ability to turn and position self in bed if patient is bedfast.
15-06-18-transferring
Identifies current ability to move safely from bed to chair, or ability to turn and position self in bed if patient is bedfast.
  • 0 - Able to independently transfer.
  • 1 - Able to transfer with minimal human assistance or with use of an assistive device.
  • 2 - Able to bear weight and pivot during the transfer process but unable to transfer self.
  • 3 - Unable to transfer self and is unable to bear weight or pivot when transferred by another person.
  • 4 - Bedfast, unable to transfer but is able to turn and position self in bed.
  • 5 - Bedfast, unable to transfer and is unable to turn and position self.
This OASIS item identifies the patient’s ability to safely transfer from bed to chair (and chair to bed), or position self in bed if bedfast. The intent of the item is to identify the patient’s ABILITY, not necessarily actual performance. "Willingness" and "adherence" are not the focus of these items. These items address the patient's ability to safely transfer, given the current physical and mental/emotional/cognitive status, activities permitted, and environment. The patient must be viewed from a holistic perspective.

Best Practice Assessment Strategies for M1850

  • For most patients, the transfer between bed and chair will include transferring from a supine position in bed to a sitting position at the bedside, then some type of standing, stand-pivot, or sliding board transfer to a chair, and back into bed from the chair or sitting surface. - If there is no chair in the patient’s bedroom or the patient does not routinely transfer from the bed directly into a chair in the bedroom, report the patient’s ability to move from a supine position in bed to a sitting position at the side of the bed, and then the ability to stand and then sit on whatever surface is applicable to the patient’s environment and need, (for example, a chair in another room, a bedside commode, the toilet, a bench, etc.). Include the ability to return back into bed from the sitting surface.
  • The patient’s ability may change as the patient’s condition improves or declines, as medical restrictions are imposed or lifted, or as the environment is modified. The clinician must consider what the patient is able to do on the day of the assessment. If ability varies over time, choose the response describing the patient’s ability more than 50% of the time period under consideration.
  • The transferring scale presents the most optimal level first, then proceeds to less optimal levels of transferring. Read each response carefully to determine which one best describes what the patient is able to do.
  • Able to bear weight refers to the patient's ability to support the majority of his/her body weight through any combination of weight-bearing extremities (for example, a patient with a weight-bearing restriction of one lower extremity may be able to support his/her entire weight through the other lower extremity and upper extremities). If the patient is able to transfer self from bed to chair, but requires standby assistance to transfer safely, or requires verbal cueing/reminders, select Response 1.
  • A combined observation/interview approach with the patient or caregiver is helpful in determining the most accurate response for this item. Ask the patient about transferring ability. Observe the patient during transfers and determine the amount of assistance required for safe transfer from bed to chair.

Tuesday, April 28, 2015

How the Compliance Doctor can help you in your start up of a new home health agency!


Below are our start up documents, outlining the timelines for what we do and when we do it for you and on your behalf when starting up a new HHA.  Check this movie file out of the timeline details.



 

Thursday, March 26, 2015

What is Emergency Preparedness in the Healthcare workplace?

                       THE ROLE OF HOME HEALTH AND HOPICE
IN
EMERGENCY, DISASTER, AND EVACUATION PLANNING  

The terrorist attacks on New York City and Washington, DC, on September 11, 2001, the hurricanes that struck the Gulf States in 2005, along with preparations for an impending influenza pandemic have dramatically underscored the vital role of all aspects of the health care delivery system, including home care, in addressing emergency situations.

On November 25, 2002, President Bush signed into law the “Homeland Security Act of 2002” (Public Law 107-296).   The Department of Homeland Security’s primary mission is to help prevent, protect against, and respond to acts of terrorism within our nation’s communities. Title V of the law -- Emergency Preparedness and Response, directs the Secretary of Homeland Security (Secretary) to carry out and fund public health-related activities to establish preparedness and response programs.  The Secretary is directed to assist state and local government personnel, agencies, or authorities, non-federal public and private health care facilities and providers, and public and non-profit health and educational facilities, to plan, prepare for, prevent, identify, and respond to biological, chemical, radiological, nuclear event and public health emergencies.

Since the enactment of the “Homeland Security Act of 2002, tens of billions of dollars have been provided for first responders, including terrorism prevention and preparedness, general law enforcement, firefighter assistance, airport security, seaport security and public health preparedness.  After many proactive initiatives on the part of home care providers, home care and hospice are just beginning to be included in emergency planning on both the national and local level. Unfortunately, plans for home care and hospice providers during an emergency are often based on misconceptions of the role they should play.

The institutional bias towards health care planning and delivery in our nation, both in emergencies and non-emergencies, has left home care poorly defined for many. This has been evident by some State and local emergency plans that expect home care providers to fill-in resource gaps such as augmenting hospital staffs or provide transportation for patients and non-patients to community shelters.

Home care and hospice agencies can be a fundamental foundation that can support the traditional hospital health care system during a time of disaster. However, they should be able to function utilizing their inherent strengths and existing care delivery structure.

Home care and hospice agencies already perform activities necessary for effective emergency planning, such as, assisting hospitals when at surge capacity; providing community wide vaccination, participate in community out reach programs to disseminate public health information, and educating patients on disease management. In addition, their ability to deliver health services to individuals in non-structured environments without additional training makes them ideal as key responders in times of crisis. For example, during hurricanes Katrina and Rita home care and hospice professionals were instrumental in caring for patients housed in shelters and non-traditional health care facilities.

With respect to preparedness and response to disasters affecting the public health, it is critical that home care and hospice agencies’ infrastructure be strengthened, and that the special qualities and abilities of these health care providers be utilized.  As a service performed primarily in individual homes and the community, home care and hospice are essential to disaster preparedness and response efforts.

Today, home care is the only “system” that is oriented to the community in a broad enough way to provide a massive infrastructure.  Through the home care and hospice agencies in this country, it is possible to put a nurse in every zip code.  In fact, in many counties in this nation, the public home care agency is the sole community provider.  The home care clinicians are well acquainted with their communities to the point that they can be quickly deployed.

The home care clinicians of today are trained in community health service.  They are able to assess the patient’s symptoms as well as the environment in which they reside.  They conduct patient and safety assessments, skilled care and treatment, educate patient and family, monitor and instruct on infection control practices in the home, and assist with medical and social supports that are critical to the process of healing the sick and protecting the well.  Today, these skills are essential to serve and protect our communities’ health.

Home care providers need to be classified as essential heath care workers and be provided such considerations as gas vouchers, official identification cards or papers, access to restricted areas, and access to alternate communication systems.

As such, home care providers should be included in emergency and preparedness response programs and be allowed greater self- determination regarding their contribution to   emergency planning and response initiatives.  To utilize home health and hospice providers as only support systems for other health care providers during emergencies would not be an efficient use of a valuable resource.


 Types of Home Care Agencies

Emergency planners must understand the various structures that home care is delivered within to recognize the full scope of assistance home care agencies can provide during disaster planning and response efforts. Home care services are usually provided by home care organizations that include home health agencies; hospices, homemaker and home health agencies; staffing and private duty agencies.
Home Health Agencies
The term “home health agency” often indicates that a home care provider is Medicare certified. A Medicare-certified agency has met federal minimum requirements for patient care and management and therefore can provide Medicare and Medicaid home health services. Individuals requiring skilled home care services usually receive their care from a home health agency.
Hospices
Hospice care involves a core interdisciplinary team of skilled professionals and volunteers who provide comprehensive medical, psychological, and spiritual care for the terminally ill and support for patients' families. Hospice care also includes the provision of related medications, medical supplies, and equipment. Most hospices are Medicare certified and licensed according to state requirements.
Homemaker and Home Care Aide Agencies
Homemaker and HCA agencies employ homemakers or chore workers, HCAs, and companions who support individuals through meal preparation, bathing, dressing, and housekeeping. Personnel are assigned according to the needs and wishes of each client. Some states require these agencies to be licensed and meet minimum standards established by the state.
Staffing and Private-duty Agencies
Staffing and private-duty agencies generally are nursing agencies that provide individuals with nursing, homemaker, HCA, and companion services. States vary on whether they require these agencies to be licensed or meet regulatory requirements. Some staffing and private-duty agencies assign nurses to assess their clients' needs to ensure that personnel are properly assigned and provide ongoing supervision.
Medicare certified home health and hospice agencies are more likely to accept patients that are rapidly discharged from hospitals and skilled nursing facilities during an emergency. Medicare certified agencies are usually structured as either:  hospital based and fall under the direction of the hospital; free-standing and self directed; or public health or government based agencies and are directed by local and State governments.

Non- Medicare certified agencies such as homemaker and home care aide agencies and staffing and private duty agencies will also have a role in emergency planning, however may
not be able to provide skilled services to the degree of a Medicare certified agency.


V.                 Hazard Vulnerability Analysis

The Hazard Vulnerability Analysis tool is designed to so agencies can evaluate their level of risk and preparedness for a variety of hazardous events. A hazard vulnerability assessment is usually the first step in emergency planning for an organization. The tool lists events that might be encountered by an agency, and can be individually tailored. Included are the instructions on how to use the tool along with a list of possible hazards that would require disaster planning.






































Hazard Vulnerability Assessment

 Event Probability
Level of vulnerability /Degree of disruption Preparedness Score
High
(3) Moderate
(2) Low
(1) High
(3) Moderate
(2) Low
(1) Low
(3) Moderate
(2) High (1)
Ice Snow
Flooding
Earthquake
Hurricane
Hazardous
Material Accident
Fire
Tornado
Volcano
Civil Disturbance
Mass Causality Event  
Terrorist Attacks


Pandemic/Infectious
Disease


Electrical failure
Communications Failure
Information System
Failure
Water failure
Transportation Interruption
Environmental/
Altered Air Quality  Pollution









HAZARD VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS
Instructions

List potential hazardous events for your organization.

Evaluate each event for probability, vulnerability and preparedness.

Probability, Vulnerability, and Preparedness are rated on a three level scale from high to low. Probability and Vulnerability are ranked with a score of “3” for high, “2” for moderate and “1” for low. Conversely, for the Preparedness category, a score of “3” represents a low ranking for preparedness while a score of “1” represents a high level of preparedness. A score of “2” represents a moderate ranking for preparedness.

When evaluating probability, consider the frequency and likelihood an event may occur.

When evaluating vulnerability, consider the degree with which the organization will be impacted, such as, infrastructure damage, loss of life, service disruption etc.

When evaluating preparedness, consider elements, such as, the strength of your preparedness plans and the organization’s previous experience with the hazardous event.

Multiply the ratings for each event in the area of probability, vulnerability and preparedness. The total values with the higher scores will represent the events most in need of organization planning for emergency preparedness.
       Using this method, 1 is the lowest possible score, while 27 is the highest  possible score.

NOTE: The scale for preparedness is in reverse order from probability and vulnerability where by “low” =3 and “high”=1.

The organization should determine which values represent an acceptable risk level and which values require additional planning and preparation.

Potential Hazards

Natural Disasters
Hurricanes
Tornadoes
Heavy thunder storms
Flash flooding
Flooding
Mud/rock slides
High winds
Hail
Severe winter weather
Avalanche
Extreme high heat
Drought
Wildfire
Earthquake
Volcano eruption
Tidal wave/Tsunami
Man-made Disasters
War (conventional, biological, chemical or nuclear)
Toxic material emission/spill (from a train or nearby plant)
Riot or other civil disorder
Nuclear plant melt down or other nuclear disaster
Terrorism
Fire
Technological Failures
Electrical
Communications
IT system
Heating /cooling
Other
Disease outbreak
Community infrastructure breakdown (bridges collapse, Dam breaks, etc.)  
Utility failure
Transportation failure








VI. The Home Health Agency Preparedness Assessment

Assessing the agency’s preparedness according to general categories for consideration can break down the Home Health Agency Emergency Preparedness Assessment. The agency identifies specific tasks to be completed under each category in order to mitigate the affects of any adverse event that might interfere with normal operations. Below are several categories for consideration when determining what tasks are to be employed and by whom.

Administrative considerations:

Supplies consideration:

Utility considerations:

Record protection

Financial

Communication

Surge capacity

Staff

Patient education

Transportation

Following are two examples of a home health agency emergency preparedness plan. Example “1” is a detailed checklist for agencies that are ready to implement a comprehensive emergency preparedness plan.  Example “2” is a less detailed checklist and contains fewer, but important, activities under each category. This checklist will assist agencies that are in the beginning stages of developing plans for disaster preparedness.
HOME CARE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS AESSESSMENT
(Example 1)
Date
Completed
Date
Reviewed Name or Title of Individual (s) Responsible for Completion
Administrative  
Incident Command Structure - Chain of command and lines of authority established      
Liaison established with State and local Emergency Management Coordinator (EMC) and emergency preparedness plans.  Confirmed contacts on a regular schedule (i.e. quarterly)  
Alternate command center established
Identify a meeting place for all  personnel if agency is not accessible  
Compact agreement with other health care facilities
Established Memorandum of Understanding with other stakeholders
Mock drill schedule and performance assessment

Supplies
Vendor alternatives examined
Office supply inventory --  3-5 days of supplies on hand needed to continue operations  

Utilities
Plan developed for loss of water and power:
  - bottled  water
  - generator

Record Protection
Plan developed to protect medical records  


HOME CARE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS AESSESSMENT (cont)

Date
Completed
Date
Reviewed Name or Title of Individual (s) Responsible for Completion
Backup plan in place for electronic records  
Off-site/distance storage

Financial
Mechanism to track agency costs during emergency or adverse situations
Business continuity plan developed  

Communication
Alternate communication system in place (cell phones, pagers, satellite phones )  
Coordination with local/State  EMS policy on communicating with other health facilities  
Telephone tree established and communicated to staff
Coordinate with local and State EMC information dissemination in the community (media releases, general info etc.)

Surge Capacity
 Define surge capacity  for your agency:
 - maximum caseload
 - scope of services  
Identify actions to increase surge capacity
Patient classification/ prioritization list developed
Identify which staff will be available to the agency during an emergency
Communicate plans with local
health care facilities regarding scope of service and agency surge


HOME CARE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS AESSESSMENT (cont)

Date
Completed
Date
Reviewed Name or Title of Individual (s) Responsible for Completion
Current list of staff addresses on file to assign patients accordingly  
Condensed admission packet developed
Patient tracking system developed and maintained

Staff
EP orientation program developed for all staff
Establish a continuing EP education schedule
Compile and maintain a current list of staff emergency contact numbers
Protocols for  communication of field staff with office/ supervisors established
Altered job descriptions/duties  identified for each discipline
Instruct and assist staff  to develop personal/family  emergency plans
Plan for mental health services for employees

Patient  education  
Patient educations materials are provided to assist patients prepare for emergencies and to provide self-care if agency personnel are not available  
Patients are informed of  local/state  evacuation plan
Patients are instructed on the agency’s triage system.
Patients are instructed on the agency notification protocols for patients that  relocate




HOME CARE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS AESSESSMENT (cont)

Date
Completed
Date
Reviewed Name or Title of Individual (s) Responsible for Completion
Patients are informed of the potential for care to be deferred in an emergency

Transportation
Plans for transportation interruptions
Alternate transportation arranged
Gasoline allocation plan
Mechanism developed to  identify staff as emergency personnel  
Identify gas stations that can operate during power outages  


























HOME CARE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS  ASSESSMENT
(Example 2)

Date
Completed
Date
Reviewed Name or Title of Individual (s)     Responsible for Completion

Administration
Establish a command       center
Establishing liaisons with community planners
Setting up memorandums of understanding with other providers

Supplies
Policy for supply allocation during emergencies
Vendor contracts  
Stockpiling supplies

Utilities
Plans for water and electrical failures

Record Protections
Back up procedure
Off-site storage

Financial
Identify funding sources
 if normal payment structure are interrupted

Communication
Alternate communication devices in place
Establish a telephone tree









Date
Completed
Date
Reviewed Name or Title of Individual (s)     Responsible for Completion
Surge Capacity
Define surge capacity for the agency  
Identify actions to increase surge capacity
available staff
patient triage procedure

Staff
Instruct staff on agency EP plan at orientation and establish a training  schedule
Current list of staff emergency contact phone numbers
Stress importance of developing  a family EP plan

Patient Education  
Patient education materials are developed to assist patients prepare for emergencies.
Patients are informed of  local/state  evacuation plan
Patients are instructed on the agencies EP plan

Transportation
Develop plans for   transportation interruptions (road closures, mass transit disruption, etc.)  




VII.                                    The Incident Command System

           The Incident Command System (ICS) document introduces the ICS and provides a description of the federal ICS structure and purpose. ICS is part of the broader incident management system outlined in the Department of Homeland Security’s National Incident Management System (NIMS).

Understanding the Incident Command System
Federal, state and local governments have created universal emergency and disaster planning standards for health care organizations. Government units such as Homeland Security, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, and the Centers for Disease Control, in concert with State and County public health or health and human service units have developed these standards. Government expects health care organizations to adopt and implement a standard planning protocol so that in the event of a disaster or emergency resources are maximized to best respond to a specific incident. Officials can only accomplish this when we plan similarly and then integrate agency specific plans into the broader planning responses.

National Incident Management System (NIMS)
In response to attacks on September 11, 2001 President George W. Bush issued Homeland Security Presidential Directive 5 (HSPD-5) in February 2003.
HSPD-5 called for a National Incident Management System (NIMS) and identified steps for improved coordination of Federal, State, local, and private industry response to incidents and described the way these agencies will prepare for such a response.
The Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security announced the establishment of NIMS in March 2004. One of the key features of NIMS is the Incident Command System (ICS):
A comprehensive, national approach to incident management.
Applicable across all jurisdictions and all types of emergency incidents (and non-emergency scenarios) regardless of size or complexity.
Used to improve coordination and cooperation between public and private entities.
Uses the Incident Command System to manage incidents.
Examples of incidents when standardized planning might be employed include:
Fire, both structural and wild-land.
Natural disasters, such as tornadoes, floods, ice storms or earthquakes.
Human and animal disease outbreaks.
Search and rescue missions.
Hazardous materials incidents.
Criminal acts and crime scene investigations.
Terrorist incidents, including the use of weapons of mass destruction.
National Special Security Events, such as Presidential visits or the Super Bowl.
Other planned events, such as parades or demonstrations.
ICS may be used for small or large events. It can grow or shrink to meet the changing needs of an incident or event.
Management of these incidents requires partnerships that often require local, State, Tribal, and Federal agencies. These partners must work together in a smooth, coordinated effort under the same management system.

ICS is Built on Best Practices
ICS is:
A proven management system based on successful business practices.
The result of decades of lessons learned in the organization and management of emergency incidents.
ICS has been tested in more than 30 years of emergency and non-emergency applications, by all levels of government and in the private sector. It represents organizational "best practices," and as a component of NIMS has become the standard for emergency management across the country.
 NIMS requires that all levels of government, including Territories and Tribal Organizations, adopt ICS as a condition of receiving Federal preparedness funding.
What ICS Is Designed To Do
Designers of the system recognized early that ICS must be interdisciplinary and organizationally flexible to meet the following management challenges:
Meet the needs of incidents of any kind or size.
Allow personnel from a variety of agencies to meld rapidly into a common management structure.
Provide logistical and administrative support to operational staff.
Be cost effective by avoiding duplication of efforts.
ICS consists of procedures for controlling personnel, facilities, equipment, and communications. It is a system designed to be used or applied from the time an incident occurs until the requirement for management and operations no longer exists.
The Incident Command System, or ICS, is a standardized, on-scene, all-hazard incident management concept. ICS allows its users to adopt an integrated organizational structure to match the complexities and demands of single or multiple incidents without being hindered by jurisdictional boundaries.
ICS has considerable internal flexibility making it a cost effective and efficient management approach for both small and large situations.
Lessons Learned:  Weaknesses in Incident Management are often due to:
Lack of accountability, including unclear chains of command and supervision.
Poor communication due to both inefficient uses of available communications systems and conflicting codes and terminology.
Lack of an orderly, systematic planning process.
No common, flexible, pre-designed management structure that enables commanders to delegate responsibilities and manage workloads efficiently.
No predefined methods to integrate interagency requirements into the management structure and planning process effectively.
A poorly managed incident response can be devastating to our economy and our health and safety. With so much at stake, we must effectively manage our response efforts. The Incident Command System allows us to do so. ICS is a proven management system based on successful business practices.

Emergency Management Limitations:
Government cannot do everything for everyone.
Assistance is not guaranteed.
Prioritized response and recovery.
Individuals must be prepared for self preservation for the system to work.

Conclusion: In every emergency or disaster these statements will always apply:

Local governments are the first to arrive and the last to leave.
Local governments are responsible for the community.
Local governments are in charge.
Local governments have resource limitations.
Individuals and families must make emergency and disaster plans and review them periodically.
Institutional and community based health care agencies must plan for emergencies and disasters in a uniform manner and then take steps to integrate them into the local government planning effort (s).

Emergency management, personal and family preparedness, and agency planning is a system of local, county, state and federal and private resources organized to mitigate, plan for, respond to and recover from emergencies and disasters.

This home health organization will network with state and county emergency management officials on an ongoing basis to integrate our agency-specific plan into the broader, formal community and municipal response to disasters and emergencies.




Additional Resources

 FEMA - National Integration Center (NIC) Incident Management Systems Integration Division http://www.fema.gov/emergency/nims/index.shtm
The Yale New Haven Center for Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Response Online Education and Training:  http://ynhhs.emergencyeducation.org/
NIMS online:  http://www.nimsonline.com/
Basic Incident Command for Medical and Public Health Professionals:  http://www.mcph.org/BT/BT%202.19.03/ICS%20for%20Maine%20PH.ppt#1



































VIII.                      The Home Health Agency Emergency Preparedness Plan
Agency 1 Senior Home Health, LLC

The home health agency preparedness plan is detailed, all hazard, plan designed to guide for agencies when developing their emergency preparedness policies and procedures. Providers will need to tailor the plan to meet their agency’s individual needs.









































All-Hazard Emergency Preparedness Policy


This plan uses the term “all hazard” to address all types of incidents.  An incident is an occurrence, caused either by humans or by a natural phenomenon, which requires or may require action by home care and emergency service personnel to prevent or minimize loss of life or damage to property and/or the environment.

Examples of incidents include:

Fire, both structural and wildfire
Weather related emergencies including snow, ice storms, heat and flooding
Hazardous materials accidents
Power outages
Transit and worker strikes
Natural disasters
Terrorist/WMD events.
Incidents of naturally occurring disease outbreak
Planned Public Events, such as political conventions, sports events

Plan Activation/Deactivation

The Director, who serves as the Incident Commander, has the authority to activate and deactivate this Emergency Preparedness Plan based on information known to her/him at the time which indicates such need.  If the Director is not available, the Assistant Director, and then the Chief Clinical Officer will have the authority to activate the response plan.

Goal: Allow smooth transition of patient services and ensure continuity of care for all patients served by this agency.

Objectives

To identify the chain of command /Incident Command System
To identify primary and alternative command centers
To allow for the timely identification of the patients who are affected in the case of an emergency.
To provide those patients with the care and assistance that they need in the event of an emergency.
To be readily available to assist emergency responder personnel in first aid care for those in the community.
To assess patient’s home environment for safety and assist them to a safe environment if needed.
To coordinate Agency staff members in patient care and evaluation, as well as any Agency personnel assistance with care of those in the community who are affected by the emergency.
To identify staff roles and responsibilities





1 Senior Home Health, LLC
Emergency Preparedness Plan



Sample Organizational Chart for Disaster Response Team





























ASSIGNMENT SHEET

You can assign roles by person or by organizational role.

Position Examples of
Organizational Role Responsibilities Assigned to
Incident Commander (IC)
    Administrator
Establish/maintain command


Support Staff

1. Information Officer

2. Liaison Officer

3. Safety and Security

1.

2.

3.
1. Central Point for Information dissemination
2. Point of Contact for other agencies
3. Anticipates, detects, and corrects unsafe situations
Operations VP Operations
Directs all incident tactical operations
Planning & Intelligence Deputy Administrator
Collects, analyzes key information
Formulates Incident Action Plan; Maintains documents, prepares for demobilization
Logistics Human Resources, facilities department
Responsible for acquisition and maintenance of facilities, staff, equipment, materials
Finance/Administration Comptroller
Monitors costs, contracts, financial and time reporting

1 Senior Home Health, LLC
Emergency Preparedness Plan


Incident Command Center

Unless the emergency renders the agency office unusable, the Incident Command Center will be located at the main office (address). The alternative site will be at the branch office (address).

Both offices will maintain data backup through e-vaulting, hard-wired phones, emergency generators.

Planning

Administration

1. Each office will keep and maintain a current list of contact information for staff, staff family members, vendors, emergency services, hospitals and other appropriate community resources.

2. The Director will ensure the existence of an incident command system and team to respond to an emergency situation.

3.  All staff shall receive emergency preparedness training appropriate for their position on a yearly basis.

Patient Care & Planning

On admission, the admitting nurse will assign each patient a priority code, dictating that patient’s emergency rating. The admitting nurse will obtain a list of contact numbers, and discuss emergency planning options with the patient and family. All information will be kept in the patient’s chart and shall be kept in paper as well as electronic format.
At that time, each patient will be given a list of items to have prepared and available for use in the event of an emergency.
Any patients requiring power for life support equipment will be registered with the local utility companies and with local emergency offices.  Each patient and family will receive education that will assist them in managing emergencies.
A list of vendors who supply each patient’s medical supplies will be obtained and kept in the patient’s chart.

Plan Activation--Emergency Call Down Procedure (refer to Calling List)
Once the emergency response plan is activated, the Director will notify the Assistant Director and Office Manager to initiate the staff call down procedure.
1 Senior Home Health, LLC
Emergency Preparedness Plan

 Office Manager will notify Secretary, and then each will notify persons listed below them on the calling list. If they are unable to reach an employee on the telephone, they will proceed to the next listed person on the list. The Office Manager and Secretary will call the office and list the employees available for assistance then come to the office. Upon arrival, every five (5) minutes, Office Manager and Secretary will try those employees not found with the first call attempt and notify the Disaster Supervisor(s) of any other employees found to be available to be on standby. They will also manage calls upon arrival at the office. If Office Manager is not able to reach the Secretary, Office Manager will notify all persons under Secretary on the calling list.

If phones are not available, the information officer will contact two (2) prearranged radio stations (  xxxx;xxxx) with an announcement for staff and patients.

After Receiving Notification of an Emergency - Direct Care Staff


Do not leave your home until you receive your assignment.
Do not ask questions when you are called. This will only slow down the rate of calling and response time to the emergency.
When you receive a call with your assignment, you will receive all of the necessary information about the emergency and those affected.
Please wear your nametag and Agency shirt so you can be easily recognized by other cooperating agencies.
Stay off the phone so your second call can come through uninterrupted.
If phone lines are down listen to radio stations (xxxx; xxxx) for instructions.
If there is no power, or phone lines, open the emergency kit provided to you by the agency which includes a battery operated radio, and bus/subway tokens which will enable you to go to your prearranged meeting area if you do not have your own transportation.

If You Are Away From Home When an Emergency Happens - Direct Care Staff


Call the Agency office to let the Emergency Supervisors know that you are available to help. You will receive an assignment at that time.
If there are no working telephones, either come to the triage site or to the Agency office (whichever is closest) for assignment. In the event that the telephones are not working, the Emergency Supervisors will be at the triage site and all assignments will be made from there.

If an Emergency Occurs During Working Hours - Direct Care Staff



1 Senior Home Health, LLC
Emergency Preparedness Plan

When you report for assignment of emergency patients, give a list of those patients you have yet to see to the Emergency Supervisor. A decision will be made by one of the Emergency Supervisors as to whether you will be pulled to help with the emergency assessments, or be assigned to continue with your regular assignments or to assume some patients left from those nurses who are assigned to work on the emergency assessments. Those staff members who have had first aid training will be high priority to be assigned to emergency assessments.

Assignments


The Chief Clinical Officer will have power to assign staff to specific tasks, and with the coordinator will work with appointed Team Leaders to assist in pinpointing patients affected by the emergency and assigning clinical staff members to check on those patients by utilizing the pre-arranged priority classification system (see last page).

After Office Manager and Secretary have called and put a staff member on alert, that staff member will wait for an Emergency Supervisor to call back with their assignment and where to meet their partner or security escort, if assigned.

Security

The Security Officer will make assessments regarding the security of the command center, the safety and travel conditions for staff and make arrangements for relocation of the command center, transportation and/or safety escorts as needed.
The Security Officer will also ensure all staff have needed identifying badges and/or uniforms which will allow them access to their agency.


Public Information

The Public Information Officer (PIO) will confer with the Incident Command Officer and other members of the Disaster Response Team to reach a joint decision regarding the information, if any, to be released to the media.  The PIO will also be in charge of determining alternate means of contacting staff.


Regional Resource Center


1 Senior Home Health, LLC
Emergency Preparedness Plan


The Director will obtain and maintain a list of contacts for the local Regional Resource Center as well as a list of possible resources and supplies available through that center.

Emergency Assessments


Each nurse or aide making home visits to patients must check in with the Agency office with an update ____________ (frequency).  Any new assignments will be made at that time. When the nurse has completed the list of patients assigned to them, they will be assigned to a community assistance first aid site to help with triage if needed, or will be assigned to specific patients from the regular caseload to complete that day’s schedule. At least one (1) Emergency Supervisor will be present at the designated check in site to further assign Agency employees as they arrive and coordinate the staff members. If a patient needs to be moved to another site, the following procedure will be followed:

1. If the patient is unharmed but the home is damaged or unsafe and the telephone system is working, contact family or friends that the patient may request and make arrangements for the patient’s transportation. Keep track of where the patient is going and all necessary telephone numbers, or contact the Emergency Supervisor for arrangements to be made through the county emergency planners for transportation to an alternate care facility if other arrangements cannot be made.
2. If the patient is injured and needs transport, contact an Emergency Supervisor for arrangements to be made through the county emergency planners for transport to a hospital/emergency room/triage site, depending on the need as determined by the county emergency planners. Be sure to have a complete list of the patient’s needs when notifying the Emergency Supervisor.

Remember-The official personnel who are at the site (police, ambulance personnel, etc.) have had training in handling emergencies, as well as potentially hazardous situations. If they tell you not to go to a certain area, don’t go. In the event of damaged, blocked or impassable roads, staff members will take alternate routes or notify an Emergency Supervisor of inability to reach an area.


Unsafe Home Situation


Before entering a patient’s home, determine if there is a safety issue possible
1 Senior Home Health, LLC
Emergency Preparedness Plan


gas leak, exposed electric wire, etc.). Assess the situation and report to an Emergency Supervisor, who will report to the county emergency planners for proper emergency personnel to secure that site.


Emergency Supply Storage Area


An emergency supplies storage area will be maintained at the Agency office for employees during the time period that they are working in the event of an emergency, and will be updated and maintained by ____________(assigned).

Emergency Supervisor Tasks


Each month, all Emergency Supervisors will get an updated copy of the emergency list and keep it at home for reference if an emergency occurs after hours, or if the Agency office is damaged or destroyed. When Director gets a call asking for assistance with an emergency, she will call Assistant Director and Office Manager. Both will then go to the Agency office immediately. Immediate tasks for the Emergency Supervisors will be:

Determine the area struck and those patients of the Agency’s affected by the emergency.
The priority classification for each of these patients.
An assignment list.
While this is being determined, calls will be made to nursing homes and residential care facilities to determine the number of rooms which will be available for temporary placement of displaced patients and to local authorities to determine shelter options and locations.  The Emergency Supervisors will also maintain a list of employees who have been notified and are available to assist in the emergency assessments. The patients who need assessments will be reassigned among the staff available and an Emergency Supervisor will then call each employee with assignments for who their team member is as well as the patient assignments.
Calls will be made for prearranged transportation of patients in need of evacuation.

Emergency During Working Hours


When the Director gets a call asking for assistance with a disaster, she will notify Assistant Director, as well as the Office Manager and Secretary to begin the calling chain. Director and Assistant Director will determine the patient and staff assignments and keep a list of those staff members the callers
1 Senior Home Health, LLC
Emergency Preparedness Plan


have been able to contact, as well as a list of those patients each nurse has yet to see, so that any necessary redistribution of the patient assignments can be made.
Office Staff will report to an Emergency Supervisor on those staff members that they have been able to contact, as well as which patients each of those nurses has yet to see. The Emergency Supervisors will in turn determine the assignments for those patients affected by the disaster. The teams will be notified of their assignments and the current patient caseload will also be assigned to the staff. Teams will need to meet their partner(s) at one of the three sites listed below:
1. If the phone system is working and the disaster is local meet at the Agency and receive your disaster supplies packet from one of the Emergency Supervisors.
2. If there is no phone system and the disaster is local, meet at the triage site and receive your disaster supplies packet from one of the Emergency Supervisors.
3. If the disaster is at another town, meet at the triage site and receive your disaster supplies packet from one of the Emergency Supervisors or at an assigned location.
The emergency supply packet will consist of various supplies that may be needed, as well as emergency worksheets.

An Emergency Supervisor will then go to the triage site to coordinate any patient needs that may exist, for problem solving and coordination of our efforts with the Emergency Response personnel and the county emergency planners. If the phone system is working, Director or Assistant Director will remain at the office to manage information and coordinate calls from staff, family members, etc. If the phone system is not working, Director will also go to the triage site and Assistant Director will remain at the office to sign out other emergency supply packets and assist any staff members who may arrive.
Each emergency assessment team will fill out the emergency worksheet and turn them in to the Emergency Supervisors at least hourly with a report on the condition of patients that they have assessed during that time frame. This emergency worksheet will enable the Emergency Supervisors to maintain a tracking list for identification of those patients assessed, their status and what location they were moved to, if necessary.
If assistance is requested by the County Defense Director, those Emergency Supervisors who are at the triage site will coordinate Agency staff assignments for this. If our assistance is not requested, we will meet at the Agency office for a debriefing, allowing all involved to express their feelings, as well as ideas to improve for the next emergency plan implementation.

1 Senior Home Health, LLC
Emergency Preparedness Plan
Drills


Agency staff members will participate in an annual desktop drill to determine the effectiveness and efficiency of the current policy and any forms developed for use in a disaster.

Staff Phone Tree:

Role/Title Name Home Cell Email Other Numbers
















Emergency Contacts:

Organization Type Name Phone Cell Email
Fire
EMS
Emergency Office
Hazmat
Department of Health
Terrorism Tip Line
Hospital:
RRC:
County Highway Dept
1 Senior Home Health, LLC
Emergency Preparedness Plan

Vendors




















Priority Classification

*LEVEL 1 - High Priority.  Patients in this priority level need uninterrupted services.  The patient must have care.  In case of a disaster or emergency, every possible effort must be made to see this patient.  The patient's condition is highly unstable and deterioration or inpatient admission is highly probable if the patient is not seen.  Examples include patients requiring life sustaining equipment or medication, those needing highly skilled wound care, and unstable patients with no caregiver or informal support to provide care

*LEVEL 2 - Moderate Priority Services for patients at this priority level may be postponed with telephone contact.  A caregiver can provide basic care until the emergency situation improves. The patient's condition is somewhat unstable and requires care that should be provided that day but could be postponed without harm to the patient.

*LEVEL 3 - Low Priority The patient may be stable and has access to informal resources to help them.  The patient can safely miss a scheduled visit with basic care provided safely by family or other informal support or by the patient personally.
   
**LEVEL  4 - Lowest Priority   Visits may be postponed 72 hours or more with little or no adverse effects. Willing and able caregiver available or patient is independent in most ADLs.
























*Source: State of New York Department of Health: Letter to Home Care Service and Hospice Administrators from Antonia Novello, MD, May10, 2005

** Contributed by the National Association for Home Care and Hospice Emergency Preparedness Expert Review Committee.

Abbreviated Assessment Tools

The following tools: Items to Consider for Admission, the Abbreviated Clinical Assessment, and the Abbreviated Outcome and Assessment Information Set (OASIS) were developed to assist providers compile a patient admission packet to be used during a declared public health emergency.

The Items to Consider for Admission document contains a list of elements necessary to complete an admission that will minimally be required.

The abbreviated Clinical Assessment and Abbreviated OASIS assessment reflect allowable deviations from the comprehensive assessment and OASIS assessment requirements during a declared public health emergency as outlined in the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) memo to State Medicare Survey agencies.

CMS clarified in the memo, that during a public health emergency modifications to the comprehensive assessment regulation at 42 CFR § 484.55 may be made. An abbreviated assessment can be completed to assure the patient is receiving proper treatment and to facilitate appropriate payment. The OASIS assessment is abbreviated to include only the patient tracking items and items required for payment. The requirement to complete the OASIS in 5 days is also waived. In addition, the OASIS transmission requirement is suspended during a public health emergency. CMS will require providers to maintain adequate documentation to support provision of care and payment.

Agencies should consider working with their software vendors to develop software that will allow data entry of alternate assessment forms.


The following link is the Survey and Certification memo to the State Survey Directors.
http://www.cms.hhs.gov/SurveyCertificationGenInfo/PMSR/itemdetail.asp?filterType=none&filterByDID=-99&sortByDID=4&sortOrder=ascending&itemID=CMS1204638&intNumPerPage=2000









Items to Consider in Creating a Rapid Patient Assessment

1.   Conditions of Participation

a. Patient Rights- Consents/Advance Directives/Payment for care/Complaints

b. Comprehensive assessment- Utilize abbreviated systems review
Demographics/patient identifiers
Verify eligibility for home care/homebound status
Determine immediate care needs
Determine support care needs
Drug regimen review

c. Plan of Care/orders for care
physician/hospital info diagnoses
mental status
services
equipment/supplies
visit frequency/duration
prognosis
rehab potential
functional limitations
activities permitted
nutritional requirements
meds and treatments/allergies
safety
treatment/modality orders

d. OASIS- patient tracking sheet items and the “M00” items required for payment

e. Coordination of care-document contacts/referrals

2. Accepted Standards of Care/ State Licensing Regulations
a. Vital Signs-assessment
b. system review
c. care plan
d. treatment
e. pain
f. meds administered
g. transfer info/referral as needed
h. infection control considerations- including appropriate measures when dealing    with “high risk bodies”(i.e. communicable diseases)

Source: The Home Care Association of New Jersey


AGENCY NAME

Abbreviated Assessment
         

(M0040) Patient Name: _______________________________            Date:______________

(M0064) SS#     ________________________

Address: ______________________________________________________________

(M0066) D.O.B: ___________                                              (M0069) Gender: __________

Primary Physician:________________________________

Primary Problem/Reason for Admission: ______________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________

Significant Medical History: _________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Assessment:
Temp: ______   HR: _____   Rhythm ________ BP_______      Resp: ______    

Lung Sounds:_______  SOB_________   Edema_______   Pain:________      

Location:  ____________

Infection control precautions:  MRSA____  C-dif______      VRE ______  Other _______

Type of precautions:
Standard _____      Airborne______ Contact ______

Other Pertinent Finding:  __________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
                       _________________________________________________________________________
               
Mental Status:_______________________       Functional Status/Activities: ____________ ____________________________________________________________________________


Clinician Signature/Title/Date:    ____________________________________________



Diet/Nutritional Status/Hydration: ______________________________________  

Support System/Assistance:  ____________________________________________

Home Environment: ___________________________________________________

Safety Concerns: _______________________________________________________

Equipment: _______________               Homebound Status: _______________

Emergency contact name /phone:  _____________________________________

Treatments and Visit Frequency: ___________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________

Goals: ________________________________________________

Advanced Directives: __________________________________________

Allergies: ____________________________________________________

                   
Drug
Dosage Frequency Route



















Clinician Signature/Title/Date:    ____________________________________________


Outcome and Assessment Information Set (OASIS-B1)1/2008

PATIENT TRACKING SHEET

(M0010) Agency Medicare Provider Number: __  __  __  __  __  __
(M0012) Agency Medicaid Provider Number: __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __
(M0014) Branch State: __  __
(M0016) Branch ID Number:   __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __
(M0020) Patient ID Number:    __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __
(M0030) Start of Care Date:   __  __ – __  __ – __  __  __  __
 m   m      d   d       y    y    y    y
(M0032) Resumption of Care Date: __  __ – __  __ – __  __  __  __   NA - Not Applicable
 m   m      d   d       y    y    y    y
(M0040) Patient Name:
(First) (MI) (Last) (Suffix)
(M0050) Patient State of Residence:   __ __
(M0060) Patient Zip Code:   __ __ __ __ __   __ __ __ __
(M0063) Medicare Number: __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __   NA - No Medicare
(including suffix if any)
(M0064) Social Security Number: __  __  __    __  __    __  __  __  __   UK - Unknown or Not Available
(M0065) Medicaid Number: __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __   NA - No Medicaid
(M0066) Birth Date: __  __ – __  __ – __  __  __  __
 m   m      d   d       y    y    y    y
(M0069) Gender:   1 - Male   2 - Female

 (M0072) Primary Referring Physician ID:  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __  __ (UPIN#)  
  UK - Unknown or Not Available


(M0140) Race/Ethnicity (as identified by patient):  (Mark all that apply.)
1 - American Indian or Alaska Native
2 - Asian
3 - Black or African-American
4 - Hispanic or Latino
5 - Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
6 - White
UK - Unknown




Clinician’s Signature/Date:_________________________________________________________

(M0150) Current Payment Sources for Home Care:  (Mark all that apply.)
0 - None; no charge for current services
1 - Medicare (traditional fee-for-service)
2 - Medicare (HMO/managed care)
3 - Medicaid (traditional fee-for-service)
4 - Medicaid (HMO/managed care)
5 - Workers' compensation
6 - Title programs (e.g., Title III, V, or XX)
7 - Other government (e.g., CHAMPUS, VA, etc.)
8 - Private insurance
9 - Private HMO/managed care
10 - Self-pay
11 - Other (specify)
UK - Unknown



Clinician’s Signature/Date:_________________________________________________________

































Abbreviated OASIS Assessment
 Outcome and Assessment Information Set (OASIS-B1)1/2008


 (M0110) Episode Timing:  Is the Medicare home health payment episode for which this assessment will define a case mix group an “early” episode or a “later” episode in the patient’s current sequence of adjacent Medicare home health payment episodes?
1 - Early
2 - Later
UK - Unknown
NA - Not Applicable:  No Medicare case mix group to be defined by this assessment.

(M0230) Primary Diagnosis & (M0240) Other Diagnoses (M0246) Case Mix Diagnoses (OPTIONAL)
(1) (2) (3) (4)
ICD-9-CM and severity rating for each condition Complete only if a V code in Column 2 is reported in place of a case mix diagnosis. Complete only if the V code in Column 2 is reported in place of a case mix diagnosis that is a multiple coding situation (e.g., a manifestation code).
Description ICD-9-CM /
Severity Rating Description/
ICD-9-CM Description/
ICD-9-CM
(M0230) Primary Diagnosis
a. (V codes are allowed)
( __ __ __ __ • __ __ )
0  1  2  3  4 (V or E codes NOT allowed)
a.
(__ __ __ • __ __ ) (V or E codes NOT allowed)
a.
(__ __ __ • __ __ )
(M0240) Other Diagnoses
b. (V or E codes are allowed)
( __ __ __ __ • __ __ )
0  1  2  3  4 (V or E codes NOT allowed)
b.
(__ __ __ • __ __ ) (V or E codes NOT allowed)
b.
(__ __ __ • __ __ )
c. ( __ __ __ __ • __ __ )
0  1  2  3  4 c.
(__ __ __ • __ __ ) c.
(__ __ __ • __ __ )
d. ( __ __ __ __ • __ __ )
0  1  2  3  4 d.
(__ __ __ • __ __ ) d.
(__ __ __ • __ __ )
e. ( __ __ __ __ • __ __ )
0  1  2  3  4 e.
(__ __ __ • __ __ ) e.
(__ __ __ • __ __ )
f. ( __ __ __ __ • __ __ )
0  1  2  3  4 f.
(__ __ __ • __ __ ) f.
(__ __ __ • __ __ )

(M0250) Therapies the patient receives at home:  (Mark all that apply.)
1 - Intravenous or infusion therapy (excludes TPN)
2 - Parenteral nutrition (TPN or lipids)
3 - Enteral nutrition (nasogastric, gastrostomy, jejunostomy, or any other artificial entry into the alimentary canal)
4 - None of the above

Clinician’s Signature/Date : ________________________________________________        
*(M0260) Overall Prognosis:  BEST description of patient's overall prognosis for recovery from this episode of illness.
0 - Poor:  little or no recovery is expected and/or further decline is imminent
1 - Good/Fair:  partial to full recovery is expected
UK - Unknown
*(M0270) Rehabilitative Prognosis:  BEST description of patient's prognosis for functional status.
0 - Guarded:  minimal improvement in functional status is expected; decline is possible
1 - Good:  marked improvement in functional status is expected
 UK-Unknown

SENSORY STATUS
(M0390) Vision with corrective lenses if the patient usually wears them:
0 - Normal vision:  sees adequately in most situations; can see medication labels, newsprint.
1 - Partially impaired:  cannot see medication labels or newsprint, but can see obstacles in path, and the surrounding layout; can count fingers at arm's length.
2 - Severely impaired:  cannot locate objects without hearing or touching them or patient nonresponsive.
(M0420) Frequency of Pain interfering with patient's activity or movement:
0 - Patient has no pain or pain does not interfere with activity or movement
1 - Less often than daily
2 - Daily, but not constantly
3 - All of the time
M0450) Current Number of Pressure Ulcers at Each Stage:  (Circle one response for each stage.)
Pressure Ulcer Stages Number of Pressure Ulcers
 a) Stage 1:  Nonblanchable erythema of intact skin; the heralding of skin ulceration.  In darker-pigmented skin, warmth, edema, hardness, or discolored skin may be indicators. 0 1 2 3 4 or more
 b) Stage 2:  Partial thickness skin loss involving epidermis and/or dermis.  The ulcer is superficial and presents clinically as an abrasion, blister, or shallow crater. 0 1 2 3 4 or more
 c) Stage 3:  Full-thickness skin loss involving damage or necrosis of subcutaneous tissue which may extend down to, but not through, underlying fascia.  The ulcer presents clinically as a deep crater with or without undermining of adjacent tissue. 0 1 2 3 4 or more
 d) Stage 4:  Full-thickness skin loss with extensive destruction, tissue necrosis, or damage to muscle, bone, or supporting structures (e.g., tendon, joint capsule, etc.) 0 1 2 3 4 or more
 e) In addition to the above, is there at least one pressure ulcer that cannot be observed due to the presence of eschar or a nonremovable dressing, including casts?
0 - No
1 - Yes

(M0460) [At follow-up, skip this item if patient has no pressure ulcers]  Stage of Most Problematic (Observable) Pressure Ulcer:
1 - Stage 1
2 - Stage 2
3 - Stage 3
4 - Stage 4
NA - No observable pressure ulcer

Clinician’s Signature/Date : ________________________________________________        
(M0476) [At follow-up, skip this item if patient has no stasis ulcers]  Status of Most Problematic (Observable) Stasis Ulcer:
1 - Fully granulating
2 - Early/partial granulation
3 - Not healing
      NA -    No observable stasis ulcer

(M0488) [At follow-up, skip this item if patient has no surgical wounds] Status of Most Problematic (Observable) Surgical Wound:
1 - Fully granulating
2 - Early/partial granulation
3 - Not healing
NA - No observable surgical wound
 (M0490) When is the patient dyspneic or noticeably Short of Breath?
0 - Never, patient is not short of breath
1 - When walking more than 20 feet, climbing stairs
2 - With moderate exertion (e.g., while dressing, using commode or bedpan, walking distances less than 20 feet)
3 - With minimal exertion (e.g., while eating, talking, or performing other ADLs) or with agitation
4 - At rest (during day or night)
(M0520) Urinary Incontinence or Urinary Catheter Presence:
0 - No incontinence or catheter (includes anuria or ostomy for urinary drainage) [ If No, go to M0540 ]
1 - Patient is incontinent
2 - Patient requires a urinary catheter (i.e., external, indwelling, intermittent, suprapubic)  [ Go to M0540 ]
(M0540) Bowel Incontinence Frequency:
0 - Very rarely or never has bowel incontinence
1 - Less than once weekly
2 - One to three times weekly
3 - Four to six times weekly
4 - On a daily basis
5 - More often than once daily
NA - Patient has ostomy for bowel elimination
UK - Unknown
(M0550) Ostomy for Bowel Elimination:  Does this patient have an ostomy for bowel elimination that (within the last 14 days):  a) was related to an inpatient facility stay, or b) necessitated a change in medical or treatment regimen?
0 - Patient does not have an ostomy for bowel elimination.
1 - Patient's ostomy was not related to an inpatient stay and did not necessitate change in medical or treatment regimen.
2 - The ostomy was related to an inpatient stay or did necessitate change in medical or treatment regimen.


Clinician’s Signature/Date : ________________________________________________        
 (M0650) Ability to Dress Upper Body (with or without dressing aids) including undergarments, pullovers, front-opening shirts and blouses, managing zippers, buttons, and snaps:
Prior Current
0 - Able to get clothes out of closets and drawers, put them on and remove them from the up¬per body without assistance.
1 - Able to dress upper body without assistance if clothing is laid out or handed to the patient.
2 - Someone must help the patient put on upper body clothing.
3 - Patient depends entirely upon another person to dress the upper body.
UK - Unknown

(M0660) Ability to Dress Lower Body (with or without dressing aids) including undergarments, slacks, socks or nylons, shoes:
Prior Current
0 - Able to obtain, put on, and remove clothing and shoes without assistance.
1 - Able to dress lower body without assistance if clothing and shoes are laid out or handed to the patient.
2 - Someone must help the patient put on under¬garments, slacks, socks or nylons, and shoes.
3 - Patient depends entirely upon another person to dress lower body.
UK - Unknown
(M0670) Bathing:  Ability to wash entire body.  Excludes grooming (washing face and hands only).
Prior Current
0 - Able to bathe self in shower or tub independently.
1 - With the use of devices, is able to bathe self in shower or tub independently.
2 - Able to bathe in shower or tub with the assistance of another person:
(a) for intermittent supervision or encouragement or reminders, OR
(b) to get in and out of the shower or tub, OR
  (c) for washing difficult to reach areas.
3 - Participates in bathing self in shower or tub, but requires presence of another person throughout the bath for assistance or supervision.
4 - Unable to use the shower or tub and is bathed in bed or bedside chair.
5 - Unable to effectively participate in bathing and is totally bathed by another person.
UK - Unknown

(M0680) Toileting:  Ability to get to and from the toilet or bedside commode.
Prior Current
0 - Able to get to and from the toilet independently with or without a device.
1 - When reminded, assisted, or supervised by another person, able to get to and from the toilet.
2 - Unable to get to and from the toilet but is able to use a bedside commode (with or without assistance).
3 - Unable to get to and from the toilet or bedside com¬mode but is able to use a bedpan/urinal independently.
4 - Is totally dependent in toileting.
 UK - Unknown



Clinician’s Signature/Date : ________________________________________________        

 (M0690)  Transferring:  Ability to move from bed to chair, on and off toilet or commode, into and out of tub or shower, and ability to turn and position self in bed if patient is bedfast.
Prior  Current
0 - Able to independently transfer.
1 - Transfers with minimal human assistance or with use of an assistive device.
2 - Unable to transfer self but is able to bear weight and pivot during the transfer process.
3 - Unable to transfer self and is unable to bear weight or pivot when transferred by another person.
4 - Bedfast, unable to transfer but is able to turn and position self in bed.
5 - Bedfast, unable to transfer and is unable to turn and position self.
UK - Unknown


(M0700) Ambulation/Locomotion:  Ability to SAFELY walk, once in a standing position, or use a wheelchair, once in a seated position, on a variety of surfaces.
Prior  Current
0 - Able to independently walk on even and uneven surfaces and climb stairs with or without railings (i.e., needs no human assistance or assistive device).
1 - Requires use of a device (e.g., cane, walker) to walk alone or requires human supervision or assistance to negotiate stairs or steps or uneven surfaces.
2 - Able to walk only with the supervision or assistance of another person at all times.
3 - Chairfast, unable to ambulate but is able to wheel self independently.
4 - Chairfast, unable to ambulate and is unable to wheel self.
5 - Bedfast, unable to ambulate or be up in a chair.
UK - Unknown

(M0800) Management of Injectable Medications:  Patient's ability to prepare and take all prescribed injectable medications reliably and safely, including administration of correct dosage at the appropriate times/intervals.  Excludes IV medications.
Prior  Current
0 - Able to independently take the correct medication and proper dosage at the correct times.
1 - Able to take injectable medication at correct times if:
(a) individual syringes are prepared in advance by another person, OR
(b) given daily reminders.
2 - Unable to take injectable medications unless administered by someone else.
NA - No injectable medications prescribed.
UK - Unknown

THERAPY NEED
(M0826) Therapy Need:  In the home health  plan of care for the Medicare payment episode for which this assessment will define a case mix group, what is the indicated need for therapy visits (total of reasonable and necessary physical, occupational, and speech-language pathology visits combined)? (Enter zero [“000”] if no therapy visits indicated.)
(__ __ __) Number of therapy visits indicated (total of physical, occupational and speech-language pathology combined).
NA - Not Applicable:  No case mix group defined by this assessment.

* Required for Plan of Care





Clinician’s Signature/Date : ________________________________________________      
X.                                Memorandum of Understanding

A memorandum of understanding (MOU) is a document describing an agreement between two or more parties, indicating an intended common line of action. It most often is used in cases where parties do not intend to imply a legal commitment. It is a more formal alternative to a gentlemen’s agreement.







































Source: Wikipedia the free encyclopedia, retrieved June 4, 2008.

Memorandum of Understanding
Between
Your Organization
And
Partnering Organization



This Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) establishes a type of partnership between your organization and partner organization.


I. Mission
Brief description of your organization’s mission. You might want to also include a sentence about the specific program if applicable.

Brief description of the partnering organization’s mission.

Together, The Parties enter into this Memorandum of Understanding to mutually promote describe efforts that this partnership will promote. Accordingly, your organization and the partnering organization. operating under this MOU agree as follows:  

II. Purpose and Scope
Your organization and  partnering organization – describe the intended results or effects that the organizations hope to achieve, and the area(s) that the specific activities will cover.
1. Why are the organizations forming a collaboration? Benefits for the        organization.  
2.  Who is the target population?
3.   How does the target population benefit

Include issues of funding if necessary. For example, “Each organization of this MOU is responsible for its own expenses related to this MOU. There will/will not be an exchange of funds between the parties for tasks associated with this MOU”.

III.      Responsibilities
Each party will appoint a person to serve as the official contact and coordinate the activities of each organization in carrying out this MOU.
The initial appointees of each organization are:

List contact persons with address and telephone information
The organizations agree to the following task for this MOU:
Your organization will:
List tasks of your organization as bullet points

Your Partnering organization will:
List tasks of your organization as bullet points

Your organization and partnering organization will:      
List tasks of your organization as bullet points


IV.   Terms of Understanding
The term of this MOU is for the period of insert length of MOU , from the effective date of this agreement and may be extended upon written mutual agreement. It shall be reviewed at least insert how often to ensure that it is fulfilling its purpose and to make any necessary revisions.

Either organization may terminate this MOU upon 30 days written notice without penalty or liabilities.

Authorization    
The signing of this MOU is not a formal undertaking. It implies that the signatures will strive to reach, to the best of their ability, the objectives stated in the MOU.

On behalf of the organization I represent, I wish to sign this MOU and contribute to its future development.

Your Organization:
¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬Name:
Title :
Signature:   Date:


Partnering  Organization:
Name:                                                                                                  
  Title:
 Signature:                                                                                            Date:




Source: United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, Neighborhood Networks,
Regional Technical Assistance Project (RTAP)







Resources


The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Neighbor Networks
http://www.hud.gov/offices/hsg/mfh/nnw/partnerships/partnershipsresources/nnwpartnermou.pdf

The Department of Homeland Security, SAFECOM, Writing Guide for a Memorandum of Understanding.  
http://www.safecomprogram.gov/SAFECOM/library/interoperabilitybasics/1288_writingguide.htm




































XI.                      Patient, Family, and Staff Emergency Preparedness Plans

Home care providers must include educating patients and staff on disaster preparedness in
their emergency preparedness plans. Critical to patient and staff preparedness is the need to have a well-developed family emergency preparedness plan as well.  The Patient, Family, and Staff Emergency Preparedness Plans are sample plans home care agencies can distribute and review with patients, families and staff. The tools may be used as constructed in this packet or altered to meet individual patient, family, or agency needs.

The Patient Emergency Preparedness Plan was designed to address patients with varying care needs. The plan is divided into two sections; the first section includes general instructions for emergency preparedness and is applicable to all patients, while the second section addresses considerations for individuals with special needs.

The Family Emergency Preparedness Plan is a comprehensive plan that can be distributed to the families of both patients and agency staff members.  

The Staff Emergency Preparedness Plan specifically addresses considerations for emergency planning that are unique to home care personnel.





















Patient Emergency Preparedness Plan

Emergency Contact Information

         Phone                                                     Address

Police

.Fire

EMS

  Local Red Cross

Local Emergency
           Management Office

Physician

Pharmacy

Neighbor

Relatives

Radio or TV stations: Know which station will have emergency broadcast announcements and set a TV or radio to that station
                     
Make a list

  Medications
  Medical information
  Allergies and sensitivities
  Copies of health insurance cards
   
Have on hand

A seven-day supply of essential medications
Cell phone
Standard telephone (that does not need to be plugged into an electric outlet)
  Flashlights and extra batteries.
  Emergency food
  Assorted sizes of re-closeable plastic bags for storing, food, waste, etc.
  Small battery-operated radio and extra batteries
  Assemble a first aid kit  (Appendix A )

Evacuation Plans:

Know where the shelter is located that can meet your special needs
Plan for alternate locations
Plan for transportation to a shelter or other location.
“Have a “grab bag” prepared (Appendix B)
 Arrange for assistance if you are unable to evacuate by yourself

Shelter–in-Place

  Maintain a supply of non-perishable foods for seven days  
Maintain a supply of bottled water; one  gallon per person
Be prepared to close, lock and board/seal windows and doors if necessary
Have an emergency supply kit prepared (Appendix C)

Pets

Have a care plan for your pet
Locate a shelter for your pet (hotel, local animal shelter etc.) Emergency shelters will not accept animals.  
Extra food and/or medications, leashes, carriers, bowls, ID tags etc.  


Special Needs Considerations

Speech or communication Issues

If you use a laptop computer for communication, consider getting a power converter that plugs into the cigarette lighter

Hearing Issues

Have a pre-printed copy of key phrase messages handy, such as
 “I use American Sign Language (ASL),”“I do not write or read English well, “If you make announcements, I will need to have them written simply or signed”
Consider getting a weather radio, with a visual/text display that warns of weather emergencies






Vision Issues

Mark your disaster supplies with fluorescent tape, large print, or Braille
Have high-powered flashlights with wide beams and extra batteries
Place security lights in each room to light paths of travel.

Assistive Device Users

Label equipment with simple instruction cards on how to operate it (for example, how to “free wheel” or “disengage the gears” of your power wheelchair) Attach the cards to your equipment.
If you use a cane, keep extras in strategic, consistent and secured locations to help you maneuver around obstacles and hazards.
Keep a spare cane in your emergency kit.
Know what your options are if you are not able to evacuate with your assistive device.



Emergency Preparedness References


The National Organization on Disabilities Emergency Preparedness Initiative:
http://www.nod.org/emergency/index.cfm

    Emergency Preparedness for People with Disabilities:
http://www.ilrcsf.org/Publications/prepared/pdf/Emergency_Preparedness.pdf

Emergency Evacuation Preparedness: Taking Responsibility for Your Safety--A Guide For People with Disabilities and Other Activity Limitations By June Isaacson Kailes, Disability Policy Consultant:
http://www.cdihp.org/evacuationpdf.htm

FEMA—Federal Emergency Management Agency: Individuals With Special Needs
http://www.fema.gov/plan/prepare/specialplans.shtm

Disability Preparedness Center
http://www.disabilitypreparedness.gov/

Disability Preparedness DHS
http://www.disabilitypreparedness.gov/

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Emergency Preparedness
http://emergency.cdc.gov/

The Red Cross: http://www.redcross.org/services/0,1103,0_313_,00.htm

Food and Drug Administration: State Health Departments http://www.fda.gov/oca/sthealth.htm

Ready.gov
 http://www.ready.gov/


Local web sites:











Family Emergency Preparedness Plan
Family plan should address the following:
• Evacuation routes.
• Family communications.
• Utility shut-off and safety.
• Insurance and vital records.
Evacuation plan
Caring for animals

Evacuation  Routes
Draw a floor plan of your home. Use a blank sheet of paper for each floor. Mark two escape routes from each room. Make sure children understand the drawings. Post a copy of the drawings at eye level in each child’s room. Establish a place to meet in the event of an emergency, such as a fire.

Family Communications
Your family may not be together when disaster strikes, so plan how you will contact
one another. Think about how you will communicate in different situations. Complete a contact card for each family member. Have family members keep these cards handy in a wallet, purse, backpack, etc. You may want to send one to school with each child to keep on file. Pick a friend or relative who lives out-of-state for household members to notify they are safe.
Below is a sample contact card.



Utility Shut-off and Safety
In the event of a disaster, you may be instructed to shut off the utility service at
your home.

Natural Gas
Natural gas leaks and explosions are responsible for a significant number of
fires following disasters. It is vital that all household members know how to shut off natural gas.

If you smell gas or hear a blowing or hissing noise, open a window and get everyone
out quickly. Turn off the gas, using the outside main valve if you can, and call
the gas company from a neighbor’s home

Because there are different gas shut-off procedures for different gas meter configurations,
it is important to contact your local gas company for guidance on preparation and response regarding gas appliances and gas service to your home. When you learn the proper shut-off procedure for your meter, share the information with everyone in your household.
 CAUTION – If you turn off the gas for any reason, a qualified professional must turn it back on. NEVER attempt to turn the gas back on yourself.

Water
Water quickly becomes a precious resource following many disasters. It is vital that all household members learn how to shut off the water at the main house valve.
•Cracked lines may pollute the water supply to your house. It is wise to shut
off your water until you hear from authorities that it is safe for drinking.
•The effects of gravity may drain the water in your hot water heater and toilet
tanks unless you trap it in your house by shutting off the main house valve

Preparing to Shut Off Water
• Locate the shut-off valve for the water line that enters your house.
• Make sure this valve can be completely shut off. Your valve may be rusted
open, or it may only partially close. Replace it if necessary.
Label this valve with a tag for easy identification, and make sure all household
members know where it is located.

Electrical
Electrical sparks have the potential of igniting natural gas if it is leaking. It is wise to teach all responsible household members where and how to shut off the electricity.

Preparing to Shut Off Electricity
• Locate your electricity circuit box.
• Teach all responsible household members how to shut off the electricity to the entire house.

Insurance and Vital Records
Obtain property, health, and life insurance if you do not have them. Review existing policies for the amount and extent of coverage to ensure that what you have in place is what is required for you and your family for all possible hazards.
Flood Insurance
If you live in a flood-prone area, consider purchasing flood insurance
to reduce your risk of flood loss. Buying flood insurance to cover the value of a building and its contents will not only provide greater peace of mind, but will speed the recovery if a flood occurs. You can call 1(888) FLOOD 29 to learn more about flood insurance.
Money
Consider saving money in an emergency savings account that could be used in any crisis. It is advisable to keep a small amount of cash or traveler’s checks at home in a safe place where you can quickly access them in case of evacuation.

Evacuation: More Common than You Realize
Ask local authorities about emergency evacuation routes and see if maps may are available with evacuation routes marked.
Evacuation Guidelines
Always: If time permits:
Keep a full tank of gas in your car if an evacuation seems likely. Gas stations may be closed during emergencies and unable to pump gas during power outages. Plan to take one car per family to reduce congestion and delay. Gather your disaster supplies kit.
Make transportation arrangements with friends or your local government if you do
not own a car. Wear sturdy shoes and clothing
that provides some protection,
such as long pants, long-sleeved shirts, and a cap.
Listen to a battery-powered radio and follow local evacuation instructions. Secure your home:

Close and lock doors and windows.

Unplug electrical equipment, such as radios and televisions, and small appliances, such as toasters and microwaves. Leave freezers and refrigerators plugged in unless there is a risk of flooding.
Gather your family and go if you are in- structed to evacuate immediately. Let others know where you are going.
Leave early enough to avoid being trapped by severe weather.
Follow recommended evacuation routes. Do not take shortcuts; they may be blocked.
Be alert for washed-out roads and bridges. Do not drive into flooded areas.
Stay away from downed power lines.


Caring for Pets

Animals also are affected by disasters. Use the guidelines below to prepare a plan
for caring for pets.

Guidelines for Pets Plan for pet disaster needs by:
• Identifying shelter.
• Gathering pet supplies.
• Ensuring your pet has proper ID and up-to-date veterinarian records.
• Providing a pet carrier and leash.

Take the following steps to prepare to shelter your pet:
• Call your local emergency management office, animal shelter, or animal control
office to get advice and information.
• Keep veterinary records to prove vaccinations are current.
• Find out which local hotels and motels allow pets and where pet boarding
facilities are located. Be sure to research some outside your local area in case
local facilities close.
• Know that, with the exception of service animals, pets are not typically permitted
in emergency shelters as they may affect the health and safety of other
occupants.

Kit Locations
Since you do not know where you will be when an emergency occurs, prepare
supplies for home, work, and vehicles (see Appendix A, B & C).

Home
Your disaster supplies kit should contain essential food, water, and supplies for at least three days. Keep this kit in a designated place and have it ready in case you have to leave your home quickly. Make sure all family members know where the kit is kept. Additionally, you may want to consider having supplies for sheltering for up to two weeks.

Work
This kit should be in one container, and ready to “grab and go” in case you are evacuated
from your workplace. Make sure you have food and water in the kit. Also, be sure to
have comfortable walking shoes at your workplace in case an evacuation  requires walking
long distances.

Car
 In case you are stranded, keep a kit of emergency supplies in your car. This kit should contain food, water, first aid supplies, flares, jumper cables, and seasonal supplies.

Practicing and Maintaining Your Plan 1.6
Once you have developed your plan, you need to practice and maintain it. For example,
ask questions to make sure your family remembers meeting places, phone numbers, and safety rules. Conduct drills such as drop, cover, and hold on for earthquakes. Test fire alarms. Replace and update disaster supplies.


For additional Information on emergency preparedness go to the following web site.
http://www.fema.gov/pdf/areyouready/basic_preparedness.pdf




















Staff Emergency Preparedness Plan

Established a family preparedness plan
Have a family communication plan
Identify a point of contact that is out-of-town  or in another state
Escape routes
Evacuation plan
Plan for pets

Know your agency’s emergency preparedness plan
Know who to report to and procedures to follow
Be prepared to assume tasks/roles out of your ordinary job description
Ensure credentials (Identification cards, professional license, any local or state credential needed to move around restricted areas) are up to date and with you
Know how supplies will be procured for patients
Know the agencies communication tree

Have the automobile equipped
Full tank of gas - identify gas stations that have emergency/backup power
Maps of the area
Shovel
Blankets
Portable battery operated or crank radio
Cell phone charger
Portable battery operated or crank flashlight
Booster cables
Bottled water and non-perishable high energy foods, such as granola bars, raisins and peanut butter
Flares
Tie repair kit
Fire extinguisher
First aid kit (Appendix C)

Have alternative communication devices available for use
charged cell phone
portable phone
satellite phone











XII.                                    The Business Continuity Plan

A business continuity plan will enable the organization to plan for continuing operations after a disaster. This tool differs from the other emergency preparedness tools in the packet in that it addresses recovery rather than response. The tool is designed to address all aspects of business operations that might be impacted regardless of whether the event results in a minor disruption of services or a complete destruction of the organization’s infrastructure.  For home care agencies, business continuity plans will need to revolve around the ability to maintain adequate staff and remain solvent.
BUSINESS CONTINUITY PLAN

Category Planning Preparation

Administrative


Establish a steering committee for planning __Develop policies and procedures for business recovery

__ Test and rehearse  plans

__Engage staff and management

 
Staffing Identify critical staff necessary for operations ____Minimal number of staff for operations

__ Minimum number of staff for each position

Clerical_________________
Nursing ________________
Therapy_________________
HCAs __________________
MSWs___________________
Data entry ________________
Systems maintenance ____________
Human resources _______________
Other  ________________________

___ Determine alternate roles for each position

____ Identify staff to be cross trained

Financial Cash on hand





Establish credit line




Insurance policy Secure the amount necessary to maintain operations for several months
_________________________


Bank phone number:

__________________________


Contact person :

___________________________

Amount of credit of credit line:

_________________________


Insurance company name and phone # ___________________

__________________________

Contact person:
_________________________

Secure policy off site
__________________________


Alternate site for operations Identify an alternate site




Staff to work from home.

Identify which staff will be available

Outsourcing functions   Secure additional space or arrange for an alternate location to conduct business

__   local hotels
___  local churches
____ Municipal buildings  

____Maintain a current list of staff members prepared to work from home

____Provide staff with a written procedure for working from home

____Companies identified for outsourcing and services provided



Supplies/ Vendors  
Inventory necessary supplies and equipment

Establish amount needed to maintain operations

Develop a plan with vendors to maintain inventory at alternate site(s)

Examine where additional equipment and machines can be purchased at reduced prices or consider storing, rather than discarding, old equipment that is currently being replaced.







Stockpile supplies and equipment


Office Supplies/# required
__________________________

_______________________

__________________________

Patient Supplies/# required
___________________________

___________________________

___________________________

__________________________

Vendors/Phone/Contact  
_______________________________
______________________________
_______________________________

Potential to secure extra:
___ computers
___ fax machines
___ phones
____copiers


IT and software Develop and test procedures for recovering critical systems

Develop and test a system to access data bases off site ____Identify at least two people in the organization who can implement the plan for recovery and data access procedures


____Develop a manual system for documentation
Communication Ensure alternate communication mechanisms are available




Capability for:

__cell phones
__satellite phones
__landline  phones
__ ham radio
__ Two way radios


Building restoration



Salvage Contractors


Maintain a list of contractors needed for building integrity

Execute an arrangement with a salvage company

Examine the savage company’s capability to prevent and remove mold if water damage were to occur   __ Heating/AC
__ Electrical
__ Plumbing
__ Roofing
__ Windows
__ Building blueprints


Name/phone /contact
___ contractors



Fixed Assets   List fixed assets to keep off site _ photographs
_ listing of assets and value


Other Considerations




Tenant/Landlord Agreements  

Understand the rights and responsibilities of both parties






APPENDICIES
Appendix A (1)

First Aid Kit
Assemble a first aid kit for your home and one for each car. The following are recommended items to be included in a comprehensive first aide kit. Attachment A(2) is a list of recommended items for a basic first aid kit.
Sterile adhesive bandages in assorted sizes
2-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)
4-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)
Hypoallergenic adhesive tape
Triangular bandages (3)
2-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
3-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
Scissors
Tweezers
Needle
Moistened towelettes
Waterless alcohol based hand sanitizer
Antiseptic
Thermometer
Tongue blades (2)
Tube of petroleum jelly or other lubricant
Assorted sizes of safety pins
Cleansing agent/soap
Latex gloves (2 pair)

Non-prescription drugs
Sunscreen
Aspirin or non-aspirin pain reliever
Anti-diarrhea medication
Antacid (for stomach upset)
Syrup of Ipecac (use to induce vomiting if advised by the Poison Control Center)
Laxative
Activated charcoal (use if advised by the Poison Control Center)
Contact your local American Red Cross chapter to obtain a basic first aid manual.
Source: American Red Cross







Attachment A (2)

Basic First Aid Kit
-
Two pairs of Latex or other sterile gloves
Sterile dressings
Cleansing agent/ soap
Antibiotic ointment
Adhesive tape
Adhesive bandages (variety of sizes)
Eye wash solution
Thermometer
Scissors
Prescription medication and/or supplies
Aspirin and non-aspirin pain relievers

Source: The Department of U.S Homeland Security
 www.ready.gov/america/getakit/firstaidkit.html


Additional resources:
www.pep-c.org
www.72hours.org


Appendix B

Emergency Preparedness Kits

Prepare different kits for different places and situations (Carry on You, Grab-and-Go, Bedside, Home)

A “carry-on you” kit is for the essential items, such as medications, contact names and phone numbers, health information etc., you need to keep with you at all times.

“Grab-and-go kits” are easy-to-carry kits you can grab if you have to leave home (or school, workplace, etc.) in a hurry. They have the things you cannot do without but are not so big or heavy that you cannot manage them.

A “home kit” is your large kit with water, food, first aid supplies, clothing, bedding, tools, emergency supplies, and disability-specific items. It includes all the things you would most likely need if you had to be self-sufficient for days either at home or in an evacuation shelter.

A “bedside kit” has items you will need if you are trapped in or near your bed and unable to get to other parts of your home.

A “car kit” has items you will need if stranded in your car.

Keep important items in a consistent, convenient and secured place, so you can quickly and easily get to them. (Items such as teeth, hearing aids, prostheses, canes, crutches, walkers, wheelchairs, respirators, communication devices, artificial larynx, sanitary aids, batteries, eyeglasses, contact lens with cleaning solutions, etc.)

Emergency Supplies Kits (Carry on You, Grab-and-Go, Bedside, Home,)

Emergency health information
Cell phone
Standard telephone (does not need to be plugged into an electric outlet)
Essential medications
Other medications
Flashlights and extra batteries. (People with limited reach or hand movement should consider low cost battery-operated touch lamps.)
Extra batteries for oxygen, breathing devices, hearing aids,
            cochlear implants, cell phone, radios, pagers, PDAs.
Copies of prescriptions
Emergency food
Assorted sizes of re-closeable plastic bags for storing, food, waste, etc.
Sturdy work gloves to protect your hands from sharp objects you may try to lift or touch by mistake while walking or wheeling over glass and rubble
Lightweight flashlight (on key ring, etc.)
Small battery-operated radio and extra batteries
Signaling device you can use to draw attention to you if you need emergency assistance (whistle, horn, beeper, bell(s), screecher)
A container that can be attached to the bed or nightstand (with cord or  Velcro) to hold hearing aids, eyeglasses, cell phones, etc., oxygen tank attached to the wall, wheelchair locked and close to bed. This helps prevent them from falling, flying or rolling away during a earthquake or other jarring, jolting event
A patch kit or can of “sealant” to repair flat tires and/or an extra supply of inner tubes for non- puncture-proof wheelchair/scooter tires  Keep needed equipment close to you so you can get to it quickly  If available, keep a lightweight manual wheelchair for backup

Source:  http://www.ready.gov/

Appendix C
Supply List
From the Department of Homeland Security http://www.ready.gov/america/getakit/index.html
Recommended Items to Include in a Basic Emergency Supply Kit:
Water, one gallon of water per person per day for at least three days, for drinking and sanitation
Food,  Store at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food
Dust mask, to help filter contaminated air and plastic sheeting and duct tape to shelter-in-place
Moist towelettes, garbage bags and plastic ties for personal sanitation
Wrench or pliers to turn off utilities
Can opener for food
Local maps
Battery-powered or hand crank radio and a NOAA Weather Radio with tone alert and extra batteries for both
Flashlight and extra batteries
Whistle to signal for help
Sterile gloves (if you are allergic to Latex).
Sterile dressings to stop bleeding.
Cleansing agent/soap and antibiotic towelettes to disinfect.
Antibiotic ointment to prevent infection.
Burn ointment to prevent infection.
Adhesive bandages in a variety of sizes.
Eyewash solution to flush the eyes or as general decontaminant.
Prescription medications you take every day such as insulin, heart medicine and asthma inhalers. You should periodically rotate medicines to account for expiration dates.
Prescribed medical supplies
Additional Items to Consider Adding to an Emergency Supply Kit:
Glasses
Infant formula and diapers
Pet food and extra water for your pet
Important family documents such as copies of insurance policies, identification and bank account records in a waterproof, portable container
Cash or traveler's checks and change
Emergency reference material such as a first aid book or information from www.ready.gov
Sleeping bag or warm blanket for each person. Consider additional bedding if you live in a cold-weather climate.
Complete change of clothing including a long sleeved shirt, long pants and sturdy shoes. Consider additional clothing if you live in a cold-weather climate.
Household chlorine bleach and medicine dropper – When diluted nine parts water to one part bleach, bleach can be used as a disinfectant. Or in an emergency, you can use it to treat water by using 16 drops of regular household liquid bleach per gallon of water. Do not use scented, color safe or bleaches with added cleaners.
Fire Extinguisher
Matches in a waterproof container
Feminine supplies and personal hygiene items
Mess kits, paper cups, plates and plastic utensils, paper towels
Paper and pencil
Books, games, puzzles or other activities for children

Emergency Supply Kits for Purchase


Emergency Preparedness Service
http://www.emprep.com/
1-888-626-0889 - 206-762-0889

Homeland Preparedness
http://www.homelandpreparedness.com/
(800) 350-1489

Emergency Essentials
http://beprepared.com/Default.asp
1-800-999-1863